With the development of higher education and the improvement of scientific and technological innovation capabilities of colleges and universities, scientific research and teaching activities in college laboratories have become more frequent, and the emission and pollution problems of laboratory exhaust gas, waste liquid, solid waste, etc. have become increasingly prominent, causing more and more social problems. focus on. In order to standardize and strengthen the management of sewage discharge in colleges and universities, prevent laboratory waste from polluting the environment, maintain the environment and public safety, protect the health of the people, and promote the establishment of a harmonious society, the following notice is hereby:
1. Local education administrative departments and environmental protection administrative departments at all levels should raise their awareness of the management of sewage discharge in colleges and universities, strengthen leadership, coordination and cooperation, and bring sewage discharge from laboratories and test sites in colleges and universities into the scope of environmental supervision and management. The deployment is concrete, measures are in place, and supervision is effective.
2. Local education administrative departments at all levels shall establish and improve the pollution management system of university laboratories, guide and supervise the local university laboratories in accordance with national environmental protection laws and regulations, and strengthen the exhaust gas, waste liquid, solid waste, noise and radiation in the experiment process. Actively support the research, development, demonstration and promotion of experimental technologies and methods that are beneficial to the protection of the environment and resources.
3. The local environmental protection administrative departments at all levels shall strictly implement the pollution reporting and registration system, the hazardous waste pollution monitoring and disposal system, the environmental management system for new chemical substances, the safety permit system for radioactive sources and radiation devices, etc. Fully achieve stable and up-to-standard emissions, effectively prevent and control the impact of university laboratories on the environment and public safety, and coordinate the healthy development of higher education and science and technology.
4. All colleges and universities should earnestly implement national and local environmental protection laws and regulations, implement special personnel responsible for environmental protection, establish and improve the school’s laboratory pollution management rules and regulations and environmental protection responsibility system, and strengthen environmental protection education and training for related scientific research personnel and graduate students. , Incorporate environmental protection work, especially laboratory sewage management, into the school’s daily work plan, and include laboratory pollution prevention and control expenses into the school’s annual budget.
The laboratory shall regularly register and summarize the types and quantities of various reagents purchased by the laboratory, archive, reference and report to the local environmental protection administrative department. The waste gas, waste liquid, solid waste, noise, radioactive and other pollutants generated and discharged in the scientific research and teaching activities of the laboratory shall be declared, registered, collected, transported and disposed according to the requirements of the environmental protection administrative department. It is strictly forbidden to directly discharge pollutants such as waste gas, waste liquid, waste residue and waste chemicals to the outside world.
Laboratories that frequently discharge pollutants such as exhaust gas, liquid waste, solid waste, noise, radioactivity, etc., and exceed discharge standards, should install pollution control facilities that meet environmental protection requirements to ensure that the pollution control facilities are in normal working conditions and meet the discharge standards. Wastes that cannot be handled on their own must be handed over to a unit approved by the environmental protection administrative department and holding a hazardous waste business license for disposal.
The temporary storage, exchange, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes should strictly implement the transfer order system. Laboratory utensils and packaging that contact hazardous materials must be completely eliminated before they can be used or discarded.
For laboratories and test sites that are adjusted, changed, or abandoned in the nature of use, they should be registered with the local environmental protection administrative department after the potential pollution hazard is completely eliminated; it is forbidden to dispose of discarded drugs and contaminated sites, buildings, equipment, etc. Utensils, etc. are transferred to units or individuals that do not have the conditions for pollution control; it is prohibited to discard toxic and hazardous solid wastes, waste liquids, etc.
5. Advocate the use of non-toxic, harmless, or low-toxic and low-harm reagents in laboratories instead of reagents with high toxicity and serious harm; use experimental methods and equipment with high reagent utilization and less pollutants; should be reduced as much as possible The use of hazardous chemicals and biological materials; if they must be used, effective measures must be taken to reduce emissions, and be collected and processed separately to reduce their hazards. Encourage university laboratories to establish information sharing and reagent exchange mechanisms to maximize utilization and minimize the risk of contamination of reagent inventory.
6. It is recommended that universities and colleges, in accordance with the relevant national environmental management system certification regulations, apply for certification to the certification body authorized by the national certification and accreditation supervision and management department, and pass the environmental management system certification to improve the environmental management level of schools and laboratories.
7. Laboratories and test sites that discharge pollutants must establish environmental pollution accident prevention and emergency response systems and reporting mechanisms, formulate emergency plans for emergent environmental pollution incidents, and be equipped with emergency equipment to prevent environmental pollution accidents from occurring.
8. For laboratories that are ineffective against laboratory pollution prevention and control measures and cause pollution, according to the severity of the circumstances, the education administrative department and the environmental protection administrative department shall deal with the school and its related laboratories and notify them in accordance with the relevant regulations; violation of laws and regulations If it is found, it shall be punished in accordance with the law, and the relevant parties shall be investigated for legal responsibility.